5G Technology- Igniting electronics revolution & Careers

By : Dr Abhilasha Gaur | Chief Operating Officer | Electronics Sector Skills Council of India

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With the government of India giving approvals for 5G trials, the fifth generation mobile network, India is gearing up for the implementation of fifth generation (5G) wireless connectivity for data networks across the country. Since 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic changed the way India and the world lived, shopped, conducted business, socialized, and even litigated. Indians are getting accustomed to virtual court hearings, online shopping, education, doctors’ consultations, and telemedicine galore. The fifth generation of cellular network technology, 5G will revolutionize the electronics industry and provide new opportunities in consumer electronics. It will prove to be a game-changer for many industries soon as it promises to be.The wireless industry, which already faces a shortage of qualified technicians for current networks and deployments, must develop even more qualified and skilled technicians through effective on-the-job training, as well as classroom and online education to create a skilled labor workforce to build future generations of heterogeneous networks.

5G Technology Market Overview –

As per the study, the global market of 5G technology is growing year by year. The real growth is seen to be between 2020 to 2025 in which 5G technology market will be developing more than at a CAGR of 70.83%. In fact, by the end of the year 2025, the market can achieve a valuation of USD 700 Bn and is expected to generate 10 trillion USD of revenue by 2035.Currently, nearly 7 billion devices are connected in the world, making 5G technology an obvious and vital step for everyone. Technology is changing rapidly and 5G is proof of how technology will play a great role in our daily lives in the future.

Electronics Manufacturing using 5G Technology –

The 5G technology, undoubtedly, will improve the accuracy and efficiency of electronic testing and measurement. 5G technology applicationis more comprehensive in the fields of mobile phones, automobiles, wearables, household appliances, industrial equipment, and engineering equipment, etc. The fifth-generation technology will also bring new vitality to the core industry chains, such as communication chips, communication modules, antennas, and radiofrequency. In the coming time, the 5G technology will enable the electronic manufacturing industry to work smoothly in a continuous manner in various scenarios, which will help the industry to enhance labor conditions, minimize manual intervention in production lines and greatly improve the controllability of the production process.

New Opportunities in Consumer Electronics with 5G

Due to technology’s proliferation, including wearable devices, smart TVs, connected cars and household appliances, beacons, and other technologies, the future consumer journey will look complicated. Consumers can start and end their shopping experiences on a mobile platform, in-store, or online. It is a fluid movement that will be even harder for retailers to keep up with or predict because it will include a growing number of devices and touch-points. Increased connectivity and technology usage in Consumer Electronics through IoT, AI, robotics, AR/VR, and others will transform the industry, and 5G network roll-out will be at the heart of it. Devices will provide essential data from sensors give new insights faster, boost efficiency, and allow companies to make more informed decisions. Real-time applications, such as voice, video, and Ecommerce connectivity, have always been sensitive to disruptions. An unstable connection can result in jitter, latency, and packet loss that translate into obvious performance issues such as delays, echoes, slow checkouts, and lost sales. 5G will prevent these disruptions by enabling users to stay on the same cellular network throughout the journey.

How 5G impacts demand for electronic components

The impact of 5G on current and future applications will drive increased demand for electronic components. With less than 1 millisecond latency and a peak data rate of 20 GB per second, 5G will enable and speed up the development of self-driving cars, the Internet of Things (IoT), augmented reality, and smart cities. A key module that allows devices to connect with the mobile network is radio frequency front-end (RFFE). With 5G, RFFE module requirements will be more complicated and dynamic. Typically, an RFFE module consists of power amplifiers (PAs), low noise amplifiers (LNAs), switches, duplexers, filters, and other passive components. In addition to RFFE modules, it’s expected that 5G mobile handsets will carry displays that support 4K (3840 x 2160) or even 8K (7680 x 4320) screens to accommodate virtual reality functions. Smartphone makers may also double the memory chip used in 5G smartphones, giving consumers more space to download and use apps.

5G will bring a new era –

5G will bring about a novel technological change for the corporate world. In addition to playing a major role in the electronics manufacturing industry, 5G can also completely meet the requirements of equipment interconnection and remote interactive applications in the industrial world. Intelligent manufacturing areas such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Industrial Automation Control, Cloud Robot, and so on, would open up a new era of widespread interconnection and deep human-computer interaction with the help of 5G technology.

Need to train manpower Electronic sector skills council of India (ESSCI) enrolls more and more people, being amongst the largest employers in India to provide jobs to youth. But this time, while there are plenty of new jobs coming in this sector, the biggest challenge exists in getting the skilled manpower specifically in revolutionary technology like 5G. There is a need of creating a demand of talent pool transformation and make them ready for this future generation technology. To cope with the rapid transformation in the industry, youth have to learn about new technologies that have become an important skill these days. Keeping this in mind, the ESSCI is highly committed to preparing the future workforce in these technology-based skill sets. Set up under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), ESSCI is planning to design the job roles that will complement the standards of emerging tech-based skills like 5G and make them job-ready in the near future.