Is Your EV Safe: Busting Myths Around Safety of EVs in India

By. Akshay Sasikumar, CEO, 82Volt Technologies

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As electric vehicles (EVs) continue to gain traction in India, understanding the facts about charging-related safety concerns becomes crucial. With the growth of the EV market, it is essential to debunk myths and provide clarity on charging practices, battery types, safety precautions, and their impact on the performance and longevity of EVs. In this article, we will delve into charging-related information, along with market numbers for EV chargers in India and the size of the EV market in the country.

Understanding your EV: Charging essentials

Charging an EV in India is relatively straightforward, with Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 chargers available, similar to other regions. For daily charging at home, a Level 2 charger is commonly used by Indian EV owners as it offers faster charging compared to Level 1 chargers. Level 3 DC Fast Chargers are becoming increasingly prevalent in public charging stations, catering to the growing demand for long-distance travel.

It is recommended to keep your EV’s battery between 20% to 80% state of charge (SoC) for optimal battery health. Frequent shallow charging and avoiding deep discharges can extend the battery’s lifespan, regardless of your driving behaviour and location.

In terms of battery, Lithium-ion batteries are the dominant choice for EVs in India, as they are globally. Major automakers use different lithium-ion battery chemistries like nickel-cobalt-aluminum (NCA) and nickel-manganese-cobalt (NMC) to cater to varying performance requirements. Indian EV manufacturers also utilize these advanced battery technologies to ensure safety and longevity in their vehicles.

Safety Precautions

Charging an EV in India is safe, but as with any electrical device, certain precautions must be followed:

a. Genuine Charging Equipment: Always invest in authentic charging equipment from reputable manufacturers to minimize risks.

b. Temperature Considerations: India’s diverse climate can impact battery performance. Avoid charging in extreme heat or direct sunlight, and park your EV in shaded areas whenever possible.

c. Water Exposure: Prevent water exposure during charging. Ensure the charging area is dry and avoid charging during heavy rain or floods.

d. Regular Inspections: Periodically check charging cables and plugs for any signs of wear and tear, and replace damaged parts promptly.

e. Follow Manufacturer Guidelines: Adhere to the charging guidelines provided by the EV manufacturer to ensure safety and optimal performance.

Market Size and growth trends:

As of 2021, India witnessed a growing number of EV charging stations across the country. According to industry reports, the number of EV charging stations in India surpassed 2,800, with significant investments from private and public entities to expand the charging infrastructure further.

The EV market in India has also been steadily growing. As of 2021, the market size for EVs in India was projected to reach around 6.34 million units by 2027, according to a study by Research and Markets. The Indian government’s incentives and policies promoting EV adoption, coupled with increased awareness of sustainable transportation, have contributed to this positive trend.

Way forward:

As India embraces the electric vehicle revolution, understanding the charging process and debunking myths around EV safe concerns becomes essential. By following charging best practices, adhering to safety precautions, and being informed about battery types, Indian EV owners can optimize the range and lifespan of their vehicles. With the growing number of EV charging stations and the expanding market size of EVs in India, the future looks promising for sustainable and eco-friendly transportation in the country.